What is MAX MXene phase material

What is MAX phase materials?

MAX phase materials are novel layered carbon-nitride inorganic non-metallic materials with the electrical and thermal conductive qualities of metals, consisting of three elements with the molecular formula Mn+1AXn (n=1, 2 or 3), where M refers to the transition metal, A refers to the main group elements, and X refers to the elements C and N. MXene materials are graphene-like structures obtained by MAX-phase processing with two-dimensional transition metal carbides, nitrides, or carbon-nitrides.MAX/MXene materials are novel two-dimensional nanomaterials composed of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and halogens. These materials exhibit excellent electrical and heat conductivity as well corrosion resistance. This makes them suitable for a variety of applications including electronics, energy, biomedicine and environmental protection.

What is MXene material phase?

MXene material is characterized by a large specific surface, good chemical stability and biocompatibility. They also have tunable properties and are therefore suitable for many applications such as energy storage and transmission. MXene materials are used as electrodes for supercapacitors, anodes for lithium-ion cells, and in other energy applications. These materials have high energy storage, high power density and a long life cycle. MXene material can be used to remove heavy metals and organic pollutants from water, and also as catalyst carrier materials in catalytic reactions. MXene material can be used to carry drugs and as bio-imaging agent in the biomedical industry for drug therapy, medical imaging diagnosis and other purposes. MXene material can be used for electronics, such as transistors, field effects tubes, integrated devices and other electronic components. It has high electrical conductivity with low power consumption, and mechanical flexibility.

Material properties of MAX/MXene

Excellent electrical conductivity. MAX/MXene has a conductivity that is 100 times greater than copper. The good conductivity of MAX/MXene materials makes them a good choice for applications in energy storage and transmitting.

High-Specific Surface: MAX/MXene material has a high surface area, several hundred square meters for each gram. This high specific area increases the material's adsorption abilities, making it a valuable resource for environmental applications.

MAX/MXene material has a good chemical stability. It can be stable even in harsh environments like strong acids and bases or high temperatures. This feature allows it to be used in a variety fields such as industrial wastewater treatment, heavy-metal ion adsorption, and others.

MAX/MXene are biocompatible and can be used for biomedical purposes. MXene material can be used, for example, as a drug carrier to deliver drugs into the cells. This will enable drug therapy.

Physical Properties that are Tunable: By adjusting the chemical composition or structure of MAX/MXene, you can tune their physical properties. For example, by adjusting the chemical composition of an MXene material, its energy band structure can be changed, giving it the potential for semiconductor-prepared high-performance electronic device applications.

MAX/MXene: Applications and Uses

Energy Storage and Transmission

The MAX/MXene material has excellent electrical conductivity that can be 100 times greater than copper. The high electrical conductivity of MXene makes it an attractive material for energy storage applications. MXene materials are also used as anodes for lithium-ion cells, which have lithium storage capacities up to hundreds of milliamperes-hours per kilogram, excellent cycle life, and multiplication performance.

Environmentally Friendly

The MAX/MXene products have a specific surface area that is several hundred square meters for each gram. MXene can be used to remove heavy metals and organic pollutants in water. MXene material can also be used in catalyst carrier materials for oxidation and reducton reactions, removing harmful substances from water and air.

Biomedical field

MAX/MXene material has a good biocompatibility. It can be used as a biomedical product. MXene material can, for instance, be used as a drug carrier to deliver drugs into the cells during drug therapy. MXene material can be used to diagnose and treat diseases using medical imaging. MXene material can be used for biosensors to detect biomolecules or cellular activity.


MAX/MXene has a wide range of physical properties that can be tuned, allowing them to be used for high-performance devices. MXene material can be used in electronic devices, such as transistors and field effect tubes. MXene-based electronics have higher electrical conductivity and lower power consumption than conventional silicon-based ones. They are also more flexible and mechanically robust. These electronic devices have many applications, such as in portable electronic devices or smart clothing. MXene material can also be used in the production of high-frequency RF devices, antennas and wireless communication equipment.

MAX/MXene materials are a type of new two-dimensional nanomaterials with excellent electrical conductivity and thermal resistance, as well as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. MAX/MXene has a wide range of applications due to its unique properties. These include energy storage and transmission as well as environmental protection, biomedicine, electronics, and electronic devices. By advancing research into MAX/MXene and developing new preparation techniques, we will discover and use more applications.

Supplier of Max phase materials

We offer high purity and ultrafine MAX phase powders Such as Cr2AlC. Ta2AlC. Ta4AlC3. Ti3AlCN. Ti2AlN. Ti4AlN3. Nb4AlC3. Click on the desired product or email us to submit an inquiry.

Concrete Retarder A Miraculous Additive That Changed the Construction Industry

Concrete, an ordinary building material, has profound effects on our daily lives. Concrete is widely used for a variety of buildings and projects - from skyscrapers and bridges to roads and public facilities, to home improvement. Technically, it is difficult to make concrete plastic enough for construction. It is necessary to introduce a concrete retarder, a remarkable additive.

Concrete Retarder Set Retarder or is an additioanl that reduces the rate and heat of hydration for cement or gypsum, and increases the setting time. Through scientific chemistry, it effectively solves concrete's problem of speeding up hardening. This allows concrete to maintain its fluidity and plasticity for longer periods.

Concrete performance has become more and more important in recent years with the rapid expansion of the construction sector. Concrete retarder, as an additive, plays a major role in improving concrete's performance. Concrete retarders will make the concrete stronger to ensure the construction performance is maintained, especially during the hot summer months or when the construction site needs to be in direct sunlight for long periods of time.

Concrete retarders are not only good for extending concrete's plasticity, but they also have many other advantages. First, it reduces the heat of hydration, hydration rates, and the rate of hydration for cement or gypsum. Second, retarders also help improve the concrete’s resistance to chloride corrosion, freeze-thaw stability, crack resistance and other important performance metrics.

In general, the selection and adjustment for retarder depends on the actual construction conditions and concrete performance requirements. The amount of retarder should be adjusted according the actual requirements. In addition, the use of other concrete additives should be considered by retarders to get the best possible construction result.

Concrete retarder, in general, is an important addition to construction materials. The scientific and reasonable chemical principle and the practical application of its effect have proven to be important in improving the performance and quality of concrete. The progress in science, technology, and construction has led us to believe that concrete retarders will be more important to the construction field of the future. They can bring convenience and safety into our lives.

Application Fields of Tungsten Rods

Application Fields of Tungsten Rods

As a rod-shaped material made from tungsten, a tungsten rod has advantages such as high density, good thermal conductivity, and corrosion resistance. It is widely used in manufacturing various high-temperature heating equipment and high-precision components. Below is a detailed introduction to the applications of tungsten rods in different fields.

Industrial sector

In the industrial field, tungsten rods are widely used to manufacture high-temperature heating equipment, high-temperature pipelines, chemical equipment, etc.

High-temperature heating equipment

As a heating element of high-temperature heating equipment, tungsten rods have excellent thermal conductivity and high melting points and can work stably for a long time at high temperatures. In high-temperature heating equipment such as electric furnaces, induction furnaces, and laser printers, tungsten rods provide high-temperature heat sources.

High-temperature pipeline

Tungsten rods have excellent corrosion resistance and high-temperature strength, making them suitable for manufacturing high-temperature pipelines. In fields such as the chemical, steel, and ceramic industries, tungsten rods are used as manufacturing materials for high-temperature pipelines. These pipelines can withstand high temperatures and chemical corrosion, ensuring stability and safety during production.

Chemical equipment

Tungsten rods have the characteristics of high density making them suitable for manufacturing chemical equipment. Tungsten rods are used as materials for reaction vessels and storage tanks in the production process of highly corrosive chemicals such as sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and hydrochloric acid. These devices can resist chemical corrosion and improve chemical production efficiency.

Construction field

In architecture, tungsten rods can be used for structural support and decoration.

Structural support

Tungsten rods have the characteristics of high density, high strength, and corrosion resistance, making them suitable for supporting building structures. Tungsten rods are used to support structures in large buildings such as bridges and high-rise buildings. These structures can withstand huge loads, ensuring the stability and safety of buildings.


Tungsten rods have a luxurious texture and elegant colors, suitable for decorating high-end buildings. Tungsten rods are used as decorative materials, such as railings and staircase handrails, in decorating hotels, theaters, and other places. These decorations can add a noble atmosphere to the building and enhance its artistic and practical value.

Medical field

Tungsten rods are widely used in producing surgical instruments, implants, and orthotics in the medical field due to their non-toxic and nonradioactive characteristics.

Surgical instruments

Tungsten rods are suitable for making surgical instruments due to their non-toxic and nonradioactive properties. Tungsten rods are used as manufacturing materials in surgical instruments such as scalpels and forceps. These instruments need to be disinfected under high temperatures and pressure, and tungsten rods have excellent corrosion resistance and high-temperature stability, which can withstand the test of high temperature and pressure.

Implants and orthotics

Tungsten rods also make medical devices such as implants and orthotics. Tungsten rods manufacture materials in implants and orthotics, such as artificial joints, fracture fixators, and dental braces. These medical devices need good biocompatibility and corrosion resistance, and tungsten rods are an ideal manufacturing material.

Other fields

In addition to the above application fields, tungsten rods are also used in the following fields:

Laboratory equipment and diagnostic equipment

In laboratory and diagnostic equipment, tungsten rods are manufacturing materials for high-level experimental and diagnostic equipment. These equipment and equipment need high precision and corrosion resistance, and tungsten rods have excellent physical and chemical properties to meet these requirements.

High-precision components

Tungsten rods have the characteristics of high density, high melting point, and good processing performance, making them suitable for manufacturing high-precision components. Tungsten rods are used as manufacturing materials for high-precision components in the electronics industry, precision machinery, and other fields. These components must have high precision and stability; tungsten rods can meet these requirements.

Weapons and ammunition

Tungsten rods have the characteristics of high density and hardness, making them suitable for manufacturing weapons and ammunition. In ammunition, such as armor-piercing shells and kinetic energy bombs, tungsten rods are used as warhead manufacturing material. These ammunition need characteristics such as high penetration and kinetic energy, and tungsten rods can meet these requirements.

Nuclear Industry

In the nuclear industry, tungsten rods have characteristics such as high-temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and high density, making them suitable for treating and storing nuclear waste. Tungsten rods are used as structural and reflective layer materials in nuclear waste treatment equipment and reactors. These equipment and structures need to have high-temperature and corrosion resistance characteristics, and tungsten rods can meet these requirements.


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Water-reducing agent solution for these three

The water-reducing agent should be used with concrete admixture, which will reflect the water reduction effect. Cement quality is therefore a direct factor of the effect of water-reducing agent.

Depending on the type of cement encountered, different strategies must be used.

High alkali cement

High-alkali is a cement type with a large amount of alkali. Alkali in high-alkali is usually higher than that of conventional cement.

The high-alkali cements have a high degree of alkalinity. This can impact the performance. High-alkali Cement can encourage the setting reaction, which is beneficial to the early development of strength in concrete. In addition, high alkali cement improves the fluidity and ease of pumping concrete.

But there are also some issues with high-alkali clinkers. As an example, high alkali cements can reduce the efficiency of water-reducing agents and cause concrete to lose its slump faster. High-alkali cement may also lead to corrosion and carbonation problems in the concrete.

High-alkali Cement can benefit from water-reducing agents containing a higher content of sodium sulfate. High-alkali cement contains a high amount of alkali, which accelerates C3A's dissolution. Sodium sulfate reacts with C3A, forming AFt crystals. This can improve the fluidity in cement mortar.

Low-alkali sulfur-deficient cement

Low alkali-sulfur cement is a cement with a lower sulfate level than normal cement. Ordinary cement is high in sulfate. It reacts with water and the sulfate forms crystals that cause cracking.

Reduced sulfate cements reduce the effect of alkali-aggregate reactions (alkali-silica reactions) in concrete. The alkali silica reaction is a reaction between the cement and the aggregate that causes expansion and cracking. The use of low-alkali cements that are sulfur-deficient can help reduce this reaction, and increase the durability and life of the concrete.

Due to the lower sulfate contents, water reducers work less well with low alkali-sulfur cement. Water-reducing agents can cause concrete to lose slump quickly if they are used in excess. In this case, the conventional method of using water-reducing agents may be ineffective. Instead, it is recommended to choose a water reducing agent that contains sulfate.

High C3A cement content

Cement with a high C3A-content is one that contains a large amount of C3A. C3A is a mineral found in cement which reacts with the water to produce an expansive substance when it hydrates. Cements with high C3A contents have a faster setting time and higher early strength. They are ideal for projects that need rapid setting.

Cement with a high C3A percentage can cause some problems. C3A and sulfate react to form sulphoaluminate. This can cause concrete to expand or crack. In humid environments, cements high in C3A are susceptible to producing corrosive calcium-sulfate precipitates, which can have a negative impact on the durability of concrete and steel structures.

Cement with high C3A will have a greater ability to bind water-reducing agents. This will result in a reduction of the fluidity of concrete and its slump. If you are using a water-reducing chemical, choose a water-reducing chemical that has a high sulfate content or a retarder which contains hydroxycarboxylate. These will help reduce C3A adsorption and improve concrete fluidity.

There are two kinds of products that reduce water: the first is a water-reducing naphthalene agent and the second is a water-reducing polycarboxylic agent. The main difference in water reduction is naphthalene. It is high-efficiency, and polycarboxylic is high-performance. For general foam concrete, the naphthalene cubic addition is between a few hundred g to a kilogram.

What is Lithium stearate powder

Lithium stearate is a crystalline form of lithium.

Lithium stearate has the chemical formula LiSt. It is a white powder that is solid at room temperatures. It is highly lipophilic, and at low concentrations can produce high light transmission. This compound is soluble only slightly in water and is readily soluble when heated to room temperature in organic solvents, such as acetone and ethanol. Lithium Stearate is stable and thermally safe at high temperatures because it has a melting and flash point. The lithium stearate also has good chemical resistance and is resistant to acids and bases, as well as oxidants, reductants and reducing agents. Lithium is less toxic than other metals, but should still be handled with care. An excessive intake of lithium can lead to diarrhoea or vomiting as well as difficulty breathing. Wearing gloves and goggles during operation is recommended because prolonged exposure to lithium can cause eye and skin irritation.

Lithium stearate:

Surfactant: Lithium Stearate Surfactant, lubricant, and other ingredients are used to make personal care products, such as shampoos, soaps, body washes, and cosmetics. It has excellent foam properties and good hydrolysis stabilty, resulting in a gentle and clean washing experience.

Lithium stearate has an important role to play in polymer syntheses. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in the formation of polymer chains. These polymers have good mechanical and chemical properties, making them ideal for plastics, rubber fibers, etc.

Lithium stearate can be used in cosmetic formulations to soften and moisturize the skin. It enhances moisturization, and makes the skin softer and smoother. The antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties of lithium stearate can also help with skin problems.

Paints & Coatings: Lithium is stearate can be used to thicken and level paints & coatings. It helps control the flow a coating and its properties. It is resistant to weather and scratches, which makes the coating durable.

Applications of lithium stearate include drug carriers, excipients, and stabilizers. It can enhance the taste and solubility and stability of medications.

Agriculture: Lithium isostearate may be used to carry fertilizers and as a plant-protection agent. It increases the efficiency of fertilizers and improves plant disease resistance.

Petrochemicals: In the petrochemicals, lithium stearate acts as a lubricant or release agent. As a catalyst in petroleum cracking, lithium stearate improves cracking yield and efficiency.

Lithium Stearate Production Process :

Chemical Synthesis:

Lithium stearate can be synthesized through a series a chemical reactions. In order to get the two reacting fully, lithium metal is heated and stearate root is stirred together in an organic solvant. After washing and drying, the pure lithium-stearate product is obtained.

Following are the steps for synthesis.

(1) Lithium metal and stearate in organic solvents, such as ethanol heated stirring to fully react.

(2) The reaction solution must be cooled in order to precipitate lithium stearate.

(3) Wash the crystal with water and remove any lithium stearate particles.

(4) The dried crystals will be used to make lithium stearate.

The benefits of chemical synthesis include a matured process, high production efficiency, and high product quality. However, organic solvents have an environmental impact and waste is generated during production.

Methode de fermentation biologique

In biological fermentation, microorganisms such as yeast are used in the medium to produce lithium. The principle behind this method is that microorganisms use their metabolic pathways to produce stearic and react with metal ions, such as lithium, to create lithium stearate.

These are the steps that you will need to take in order to produce your product.

(1) The microorganisms will be inoculated onto the medium that contains precursor substances for fermentation cultures;

(2) The filtrate is used to produce a solution of stearic acetic acid.

Add metals (such as the lithium ions) into the solution with stearic to ensure that they fully react.

(4) The reaction product is separated and washed, then dried to give lithium stearate.

The benefits of biological fermentation include environmental protection, less waste discharge and a longer production process. However, the conditions for production are also higher.

Prospect Market of Lithium Stearate:

The application of lithium in personal care will continue to be important. It plays an important part in cosmetics, soaps, and shampoos as it is a surfactant. As people's standards of living improve and the cosmetics sector continues to expand, lithium stearate demand will gradually rise.

Second, the use of lithium stearate for polymer synthesis has also increased. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in polymer chain formation. As polymer materials science continues to develop, the demand of lithium stearate increases.

Lithium stearate's application in agricultural, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and other fields is also growing. In the pharmaceutical sector, lithium stearate may be used as a carrier, excipient or drug stabilizer. In agriculture, the lithium stearate is used to protect plants and as a carrier for fertilizer. In the field of petrochemistry, lithium isostearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. In these areas, the demand for lithium will increase as technology advances.

But the outlook for the lithium stearate market is not without its own challenges. In order to produce lithium metal, it is necessary to use a more expensive production process. Aside from that, the applications of lithium is limited, with a concentration in agriculture, pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals. To expand the scope of application and the demand for lithium stearate, it is important to continue to develop new applications and markets.

Lithium stearate powder price :

Many factors influence the price, such as the economic activity, the sentiment of the market and the unexpected event.

You can contact us for a quotation if you're looking for the most recent lithium stearate price.

Supplier of Lithium stearate powder

Technology Co. Ltd. has been supplying high-quality chemical materials for over 12 years.

The chemical and nanomaterials include silicon powders, graphite particles, zinc sulfide grains, boron particles, 3D printer powders, etc.

Contact us today to receive a quote for our high-quality Lithium Stearate Powder.

More than a hundred schools in the UK have been closed due to the risk of collapse

In the UK, more than 100 schools were closed because of the danger of collapse

In the UK, many schools use Autoclaved aerated cement (RAAC). This is a concrete material that is lighter.

In 2018, the roof of a school in southeast England collapsed. It was later discovered that RAAC had been used for the roof as well as the buildings. This raised safety concerns.

BBC reported that RAAC materials were widely used from the 1950s until the mid-1990s in areas such as roof panels, and had a lifespan of around 30 years.

According to reports, the risk of building collapse is not limited only to schools, but also courts, hospitals and police stations. RAAC material has been found.

The Royal Dengate Theatre at Northampton is temporarily closed after RAAC material was found.

According to NHS, RAAC has been detected in 27 hospital building.

The NHS chief has been asked for measures to be taken to prevent collapse.

BBC reported that since 2018 the British government has warned schools to be "fully ready" in case RAAC is found within public buildings.

The Independent reported Jonathan Slater a former senior education official, who said that Sunak, Prime Minister in 2021, approved budget reductions to build schools.

Nick Gibb is a senior official at the Department of Education. He said that the Department of Education asked for PS200m annually for school maintenance. Sunak, then the chancellor, only provided PS50 million per year.

The report also states that despite Sunak having promised to renovate at least 50 schools every year, in the main reconstruction plan of the government only four schools were renovated.

The British National Audit Office chief also condemned the crisis. Sunak's government, he said, had adopted a "plaster-method" of building maintenance.

He believes the government's underinvestment has forced schools to close, and that families are now "paying the cost".

Paul Whitman is the secretary-general of National Association of Principals. He said that the public and parents would perceive any attempt to blame individual schools on the government as "a desperate move by the federal government to divert its attention from their own major errors."

Whitman claimed that the classroom has become completely unusable. Whitman blamed the British Government for the situation. "No matter what you do to divert or distract, it won't work."

London Mayor Sadiq khan said that the government should be open and transparent. This will reassure parents, staff, children, and others.

BBC reported schools in the UK were pushing forward with inspections and assessments. Children who had been suspended because of school building issues will be temporarily housed, or they can learn online.

Applications of Nickel-based Alloy Rod

Nickel alloy rod contains many other elements including iron, chrome, and molybdenum. Nickel-based alloys are more resistant to corrosion and stable at high temperatures than conventional iron alloys. This makes them popular in many industrial and engineering applications.

Petrochemical Industry

Nickel-based rods are used widely in the petrochemical industries. In petroleum cracking, nickel-based rods are used for reactor manufacturing. They can withstand high pressure and temperature conditions and offer good corrosion resistance. Nickel-based rods can also be used for manufacturing equipment like pipelines and containers during petrochemical processes.

In the petrochemical industries, nickel-based rods are used primarily to manufacture high temperature and high pressure reactors. They can also be used for heat exchangers and towers. It is essential to select materials that have high strength, corrosion-resistance, and stability at high temperatures. This is because they are required to be used in environments with high temperature, high pressure, or corrosive media. Nickel-based rods are a material that has excellent properties, and is used to manufacture petrochemical machinery.

Nuclear Industry

The nuclear industry can use nickel-based alloys rods as reactor manufacturing materials. These rods are highly stable at high temperatures and resist corrosion. The nickel-based rods, with their excellent high-temperature stability and corrosion resistance, can be used as structural materials or shells for nuclear fuel component components.

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in nuclear reactors as materials to manufacture fuel components. These components have to be able work in environments with high temperature, high pressure, and radioactivity. These components must be highly resistant to corrosion and high temperature. Nickel-based rods are a material that has these properties, and is therefore a preferred choice for the manufacture of nuclear fuel elements.

Aerospace field

Nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily in aerospace to make key components such as aviation engines and rocket motors. Nickel-based materials are used in aerospace because of their high-temperature resistance and excellent stability.

In aviation engines nickel-based alloys rods are used primarily as a manufacturing material for turbine blades and guides vanes. These components have to be able to withstand high pressure, high temperatures and high speeds. These components must have excellent high temperature strength, creep resistance and corrosion resistance. These properties make nickel-based alloys rods a preferred material for aircraft engine manufacturing.

Automotive Manufacturing sector

Nickel-based alloys rods can be used in the manufacture of high-performance automobile components. Nickel-based rods are used in the manufacture of high-performance automotive components, such as engine cylinder blocks or cylinder heads.

Nickel-based rods are mainly used in the automotive industry to make key engine components, such as cylinders, pistons, and cylinder heads. Materials with high strength and high temperature stability are needed for these components to function in environments of high temperature, pressure, and corrosion. Nickel-based alloys rods possess these properties, and are therefore one of automotive engine manufacturers' preferred materials.

Medical device field

Medical devices can benefit from the biocompatibility of nickel-based alloys and their corrosion resistance. This ensures safety and reliability.

Medical devices is a broad field that includes a variety of medical devices including surgical instruments, implant, diagnostic equipment, rehabilitation materials, etc. Nickel-based rods are mainly the raw material for high-precision, high-quality medical equipment. In surgical instruments, for example, surgical knives and forceps that are made from nickel-based metal rods provide excellent durability and cutting performance. Orthopedic and cardiovascular implants made with nickel-based rods are biocompatible and have excellent mechanical properties. They can treat various orthopedic or cardiovascular diseases.

Other fields

Nickel-based alloys rods are not only used in electronics and construction but also power, building, and other fields. Nickel-based rods are used in power transmission and structural support for high-rise building. They can also provide outstanding strength and durability. Nickel-based rods can be used to make key components in the electronics sector, such as circuit boards and materials for electromagnetic shielding.


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Application Fields of Gallium Nitride

The wide-gap semiconductor material GaN is widely used due to its excellent electrical, optical and physical properties.

1.Semiconductor light

Gallium Nitride is widely used in semiconductor lighting. The high reflectivity, transparency and luminescence of gallium nitride material make it ideal for high-performance, LED lamps. LED lamps offer a higher level of luminous efficiency than fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, as well as a longer life span. This makes them suited for use in many fields, including indoor and exterior lighting, displays, automobile lighting, etc.

In semiconductor lighting materials such as gallium nitride are used mainly as substrates for the LED chips. LED chips, the main components of LED lighting, are directly responsible for the overall performance. They determine the LED light's luminous efficacy and service life. Gallium Nitride is an excellent substrate material because it has high thermal conductivity. It also has high chemical stability and stability. It improves the LED chip's luminous stability and efficiency, as well as reducing manufacturing costs.

2.High-temperature electronic devices

Gallium Nitride is also widely used for high-temperature electronics devices. Gallium nitride, which has high electron saturation rates and high breakdown electric fields, can be used for electronic devices that work in high-temperature environments.

Aerospace is a harsh field and it's important to have electronic devices that work reliably in high temperature environments. As a semiconductor high-temperature material, gallium-nitride materials are mainly used to make electronic devices like transistors and field effect transistors for flight control and control of fire systems. Gallium nitride is also used to produce high-temperature devices in the power transmission and distribution field, such as power electronics switches and converters. This improves the efficiency and reliability of equipment.

3.Solar cells

Gallium nitride solar cells also receive a lot attention. High-efficiency solar panels can be produced due to its high transparence and electron saturation rate.

Silicon is the main material in most traditional solar cells. Silicon solar cells are inexpensive to manufacture, but have a narrow bandgap (about 1eV), which limits their efficiency. Gallium-nitride solar cell have a greater energy gap (around 2.3eV), allowing them to absorb more sunlight, and thus have a higher photoelectric efficiency. The manufacturing cost of gallium-nitride cells is low. They can offer the same photoelectric converter efficiency for a lower price.


Gallium Nitride is also widely used as a detector. They can be used to manufacture high-efficiency detectors like spectral and chemicals sensors.

Gallium Nitride can be used in the security industry to produce efficient X-ray sensors that can be utilized for security checks on airports and major buildings. Gallium nitride is also used for environmental monitoring to produce detectors like gas and photochemical sensor, which detect environmental parameters, such air quality, pollutants, and other environmental parameters.

5. Other applications areas

In addition to its application in the fields mentioned above, gallium-nitride also finds wide use in many other areas. Gallium nitride is used, for instance, to make microwave and high frequency devices such as high electronic mobility transistors and microwave monolithic combined circuits. These are used in fields like radar, communications, and electronic countermeasures. Moreover, gallium nitride It can also be used for the manufacture of high-power lasers and deep ultraviolet optoelectronics.

High Purity Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder CAS 12025-34-2, 99.99%

Germanium Sulfide (GeS2) is a semiconductor compound with the chemical Formula GeS2. It is easily soluble when heated alkali is used, but not in water.Particle size: 100mesh
Purity: 99.99%

About Germanium Sulfide (GeS2) Powder:
Germanium Sulfide also known as Germanium Sulphide and Germanium Disulfide. GeS2 is the formula of germanium disulfide. It is unstable, easy to sublimate and oxidize, and dissociates in humid air, or an inert atmosphere. Inorganic acids (including strong acids) and water are insoluble.
Germanium disulfide is 2.19g/cm3. Germanium Sulfide is small, white powder that consists mainly of Germanium disulfide(GeS2) particle. Germanium disulfide, like many other metal sulfides that are closely related, is the subject of many researches who are researching its potential for energy storage applications such as solid state batteries.
The germanium diulfide crystal has an orthogonal structure. Each cell contains 24 molecules with the following dimensions: A = 11.66a; B = 22.34A; C = 6.86A. Accuracy of 1/2%. The space group (C2V19) is FDD. Eight germanium-atoms are arranged on a dual-axis. All other atoms are arranged in a general arrangement. These 12 parameters were determined. Each germanium is connected with four atomic tetrahedrons of sulfur, at an atomic separation of 2.19A. The angle of the two sulfur bonds between them is 103 degrees.

If you're interested in purchasing Germanium Sulfide (GeS2) Powder , please send us an inquiry.

High Purity Germanium Sulfide Granule Powder:

Nature: white powder Crystal structure is orthogonal. Density is 2.19 grams per cm3. Melting point 800 . Unstable high-temperature sublimation or oxidation. In humid air or an inert atmosphere, dissociation. The molten state has a fresh, brown, transparent body with a 3.01g/cm3 density. It is not soluble in water or inorganic acids, including strong acid, but it is soluble in hot alkali. By the sulfur vapor and germanium powder from the system. For intermediate germanium products.

germanium sulfide CAS number 12025-34-2
germanium Sulfide Molecular Formula GeS2
germanium sulfide Molar mass 136.77g mol-1
germanium sulfide Appearance White crystals with a translucent appearance
germanium sulfide Density 2.94 g cm-3
germanium sulfide Melting point 840 degC (1,540 degF; 1,110 K)
germanium Sulfide Boiling Point 1,530 degC (2,790 degF; 1,800 K)
Germanium sulfide Insoluble in Water 0.45 g/100mL
germanium sulfide Solubility soluble in liquid ammonia

What is Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder produced?
Germanium disulfide may be produced by converting hydrogen sulfide into tetrachloride using a hydrochloric solution.
Germanium disulfide can be prepared by combining germanium with sulfide gas or hydrogen sulfur, and a mix of gases of sulfur.

Applications Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder:
Solid-State Batteries: Germanium disulfide, like many compounds closely related, is of particular interest to researchers and manufacturers.
This material can be used to produce cathodes in certain types batteries.
The vulcanized microparticles have great potential to be used as high-performance batteries containing lithium-sulfur.
Electrology: For researchers working on energy storage technology Germanium disulfide is a material that has similar characteristics. It can be used to produce other components and materials in electronic technology.
Catalysts: Germanium disulfide, like many other sulfides has the unique ability to produce more complex chemicals for high-tech devices and other chemical reactions.
As with many materials related to nano-level sulfur, it has many unique optical properties. However, these properties are still not well understood.
This makes the research interest in this material involve a wide range of industries and fields, from electron-to-photovoltaic to imaging techniques.

Germanium Sulfide (GeS2) Powder Storage Condition:
Germanium Sulfide GeS2 is affected by damp reunion, which will have an adverse effect on the powder's dispersion and use. Therefore, it should be packed in vacuum and kept in a dry and cool room. GeS2 powder must also not be exposed to stress.

Packing & Shipping Germanium sulfide powder GeS2
The amount of Germanium Sulfide powder GeS2 will determine the type of packaging.
Germanium Sulfide powder packaging: Vacuum packed, 100g to 500g per bag, 1kg per barrel, or your choice.
Germanium Sulfide Powder Shipping: Can be shipped via air, sea or express.

Technology Co. Ltd., () is an established global chemical material manufacturer and supplier with more than a decade of experience. They provide high-quality nanomaterials such as boride powders, graphite or nitride particles, 3D printing powders, sulfide particles, etc.
Looking for high quality Germanium disulfide powder Send us a message or feel free contact us. ( brad@ihpa.net )

Germanium Sulfide Properties

Alternative Names germanium(IV) sulfide, germanium disulfide,
germanium disulphide, GeS2 powder
CAS Number 12025-34-2
Compound Formula GeS2
Molecular Mass 136.77
Appearance White Powder
Melting Point 800
Boiling Point 1530
Density 2.94 g/cm3
Solubility In H2O 0.45 g/100mL
Exact Volume 137.86532

Germanium Sulfide Health & Safety Information

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Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

Copper products exhibit good electrical conductivity as well as thermal conductivity. They are also ductile, resistant to corrosion, and have high wear resistance. These products are widely used by the electricity, electronics and energy industries.

Metal Alloy High Purity Copper Plate, 8.92g/cm3,
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Metal alloy 8.92g/cm3 high purity polished copper plate properties

Alternative Names Copper Plate
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula Curiosity
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Appearance N/A
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Solubility N/A
Density 8.92g/cm3
Purity 99.95%, 99.99%, 99.995%
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young’s Module N/A
Exact Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Health & Safety Information for Metal Alloy 8.92g/cm3 High Purity Polised Copper Plate

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WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

Tungsten alloy heavy plate has low thermal expansion. It is also known for its high density, radiation resistance, thermal and electrical conductivity, and low thermal expansio. It is used widely in the aerospace and medical industries.

About Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate:
Powder metallurgy produces compact ingots from high purity tungsten. After powder metallurgy, a series further deformations are made and heat treatments are applied until the final products have been produced.

High thermal conductivity and thermal conductivity, low thermal expansion. Perfect performance in environments with high radiation exposure.

Used for manufacturing machining tools such as lathes and dices.

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Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Plate
CAS Number N/A
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Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 18.5g/cm3
Purity 99.95%
Bold point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young Modulus N/A
Exact-Mass N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
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WGK Germany N/A

Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar

Tungsten-nickel-copper/iron alloy is characterized by low thermal expansion, high density, radiation absorption and high thermal and electrical conductivity. It is widely utilized in the aerospace and medical industries.

About High Density Tungsten Aloy Rod Grinding Surface:
Tungsten-alloy rods are made mostly from tungsten alloyed with nickel, iron, or copper.

Low thermal expansion and high density, with high thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity. Perfect performance in environments of high radiation exposure.

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Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar Properties

Alternative Names Tungsten Alloy Bar
CAS Number N/A
Compound Formula N/A
Molecular Mass N/A
Appearance N/A
Melting Point N/A
Solubility N/A
Density 17g/cm3
Purity N/A
Size You can customize the look of your website by using
Bolding Point N/A
Specific Heating N/A
Thermal Conduction N/A
Thermal Expander N/A
Young’s Module N/A
Exact Number N/A
Monoisotopic Mash N/A

Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar Health & Safety Information

Safety Advisory N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Flashing point N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Declarations N/A
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany N/A

High Purity Germanium Sulfide GeS2 Powder CAS 12025-34-2, 99.99%

Metal Alloy 8.92g/Cm3 High Purity Polished Copper Plate

Metal Alloy 18.5g/cm3 Polished Tungsten Heavy Alloy Plate

Metal Alloy High Density Tungsten Alloy Rod Grind Surface Tungsten Alloy Bar

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